FR | EN

THE IMPERIAL
FAMILY

An individual and collective
commitment in the service
of France

H.I.H. Prince Napoleon

Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 11 July 1986 in Saint-Raphaël, France. He is the only son of Prince Charles Bonaparte and Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He is thus related to both French Emperors, through Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia and brother of Napoleon I, by his father, and to the Kings of France, such as Henry IV and Louis XIV, by his mother, but also to most of the European royal families.

He has been the head of the Imperial House of France since the death of his grandfather, Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, on 3 May 1997, and thus bears the title of Prince Napoleon. He is now the only legitimate male descendant of his generation bearing the Bonaparte surname, and represents his family in official ceremonies in France and abroad.

He studied at the Institution Saint-Dominique, Neuilly-sur-Seine, in secondary school. Prince Napoleon is a graduate of HEC Paris, Harvard University and now works in London as an investor.

On 17 and 19 October 2019, in Paris, Prince Jean-Christophe married, civilly and then religiously, Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg, Austrian and German, born on 4 January 1988. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg and Archduchess Maria-Beatrice of Austria-Este. The countess is thus the great-granddaughter of the last Austrian emperor, Charles I, and the great-grandniece of Empress Marie-Louise, the second wife of Napoleon I.

Olympia,
H.I.H. Princess Napoleon

Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg was born on 4 January 1988 and is Austrian and German. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (great-grandson of King Ludwig III of Bavaria) and Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (daughter of Archduke Robert of Austria-Este, son of Charles I, the last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta). Princess Napoleon studied in the United States. She graduated in political science from Yale University and in art history from Columbia University. She now works in London as the creator and chief curator of a photography collection.

Début Bonaparte ancestry of the Prince Napoléon (1769-1821) ép. Joséphine de Beauharnais Charles-Marie Bonaparte (1746-1785) ép. Maria Letizia Bonaparte Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860) King of Westphalia puis Marie-Louise d'Autriche Catherine de Wurtemberg ép. Empereur Napoléon 1er Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846) King of Holland Click to read the biographies ép. Hortense de Beauharnais Napoléon-Jérôme Bonaparte (1822-1891) (1811-1832) Prince Napoleon ép. Marie-Clotilde de Savoie Napoléon II King of Rome, Duke of Reichstadt Empereur Napoléon III (1808-1873) ép. Eugénie de Montjio Victor Napoléon Bonaparte (1862-1926) Prince Napoleon ép. Clémentine de Belgique Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (1856-1879) Impérial Prince Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (1914-1997) Prince Napoleon ép. Alix de Foresta Charles Napoléon Bonaparte (1950) ép. Béatrice de Bourbon des Deux-Siciles Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte (1986) Prince Napoleon ép. Olympia von Arco-Zinneberg Pop01 Charles-Marie Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Charles-Marie Bonaparte Charles-Marie Bonaparte, also known as Carlo-Maria de Buonaparte, was born in Ajaccio (Corsica) on 27 March 1746 and died at the age of 38 on 24 February 1785 in Montpellier (France). An Italian assessor (judge) at the court of Ajaccio, he was the father of fourteen children, eight of whom survived, including Napoleon Bonaparte. Pop03 Napoléon 1er L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Emperor Napoleon I Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in Ajaccio and died on 5 May 1821 on the island of St Helena. He was successively General, First Consul, then first Emperor of the French from 18 May 1804 to 6 April 1814, then from 20 March to 22 June 1815, under the name of Napoleon I. On 9 March 1796, he married Marie Josèphe Rose (known as Joséphine) Tascher de la Pagerie, widow of Alexandre de Beauharnais, general of the Rhine army. The couple divorced on 15 December 1809. On 2 April 1810, Napoleon married Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria, who gave him a son on 20 March 1811. His ashes have been interred at Les Invalides since 1840. Go to Napoleon I, ferryman of worlds Pop06 Napoléon II L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Napoleon II, King of Rome Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte was born on 20 March 1811 at the Tuileries Palace in Paris and died on 22 July 1832 of tuberculosis at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. He was the only son and heir of Napoleon I and his second wife, Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria. He bore the titles of King of Rome (from birth), then Napoleon II (from 22 June to 7 July 1815), and finally Duke of Reichstadt (given by his grandfather the Austrian Emperor Francis I). Pop04 Louis Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland Louis Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio on 2 September 1778 and died in Livorno (Tuscany) on 25 July 1846. The son of Charles Bonaparte and Letizia Bonaparte, he was the third brother of Napoleon I and the father of Napoleon III. He was a French prince and King of Holland from 1806 to 1810 under the name Louis Napoleon. Louis Bonaparte married Hortense de Beauharnais (daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais) with whom he had three sons:
- Napoleon-Charles (1802-1807).
- Napoleon-Louis (1804-1831), Grand Duke of Berg and
  King of Holland under the name of Louis II.
- Charles-Louis-Napoléon (1808-1873), who became
  Emperor of the French as Napoléon III.
Pop04b Hortense de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland Hortense de Beauharnais was born on 10 April 1783 in Paris and died on 5 October 1837 at Arenenberg Castle in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland. She was a member of the French imperial family, daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais and mother of Emperor Napoleon III. Queen of Holland (1806-1810) and Duchess of Saint-Leu (Saint-Leu-la-Forêt) (1814), she was also a composer. Pop07 Napoleon III L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Emperor Napoleon III Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, known as Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, was born on 20 April 1808 in Paris and died on 9 January 1873 in Chislehurst (UK). He was the first French head of state to be elected by universal male suffrage on 10 December 1848 under the Second Republic. After the proclamation of the Empire on 2 December 1852, he became the monarch, Napoleon III. He married Eugénie de Montijo civilly on 29 January 1853, and then religiously on 30 January. The couple had only one son, Louis Napoleon, on 16 March 1856. Go to Napoleon III, the economic and social Empire Pop07b Eugénie de M L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Empress Eugenie María Eugenia Ignacia Agustina de Palafox y Kirkpatrick, 19th Countess of Teba - known as Eugenie de Montijo — was born on 5 May 1826 in Granada, Spain, and died on 11 July 1920 in Madrid, Spain. She was the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French. As such, she held the title of Empress of the French from 29 January 1853 to 4 September 1870. In 1856, she gave birth to their only son Louis Napoleon, the Imperial Prince and heir to the Empire. In 1881, she built St Michael's Abbey in Farnborough, where she now lies beside Napoleon III and the The Imperial Prince. Pop09 Louis N Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, The Imperial Prince Napoleon Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Bonaparte, known as Louis Napoleon, The Imperial Prince, was born on 16 March 1856 in Paris and was tragically killed on 1 June 1879 in a battle with Zulu warriors. In 1879, at the age of 23, after studying at the British military academy at Woolwich, the prince insisted on being drafted into the British troops in southern Africa in the Zulu War (now South Africa). He was the only son and imperial heir of Emperor Napoleon III, and his wife, Empress Eugenie. As heir to the imperial dynasty, he was referred to as Napoleon IV. In his dynastic will, the Imperial Prince designated his first cousin, Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, as heir to the empire and head of the Imperial House of France. Pop02 Jérôme Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia Jerome Bonaparte was born on 15 November 1784 in Ajaccio (Corsica) and died on 24 June 1860 at the Château de Vilgénis (Seine-et-Oise, Massy). The son of Charles-Marie Bonaparte and Maria-Létizia Ramolino, he was Napoleon's younger brother and became King of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813. In 1807 he married Princess Catherine of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg, as his second wife.
Three children were born of this marriage:
- Jerome Napoleon Charles, known as the Prince de
  Montfort, born on 24 August 1814 and died
  on 12 May 1847, without descendants.
- Mathilde Létizia, known as Princess Mathilde, born on
  27 May 1820 and died on 2 January 1904.
- Napoleon Jerome Joseph Charles Paul,
  called Prince Napoleon, born on 9 September 1822
  and died on 17 March 1891.
Pop02b Catherine de W L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Catherine of Wurtemberg, Queen of Westphalia Catherine of Wurtemberg was born on 21 February 1783 in St Petersburg and died on 29 November 1835 in Lausanne. Princess of Württemberg, she was the daughter of Frederick I, King of Württemberg, and Queen Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, niece of the Tsarina and first cousin of Queen Victoria. She married Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, brother of Napoleon I, on 22 August 1807 in Paris. Pop05 Nap-Jérôme Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte or Jerome Napoleon, Prince Napoleon, Prince de Montfort, Count of Meudon and Moncalieri, was born in Trieste on 9 September 1822 and died in Rome on 17 March 1891. Famously known as ‘Plon-Plon’, he was a French political and military figure of the Second Empire and was the first cousin of Emperor Napoleon III. In 1859 he married Clotilde of Savoy, daughter of King Victor-Emmanuel II of Italy. Three children were born of this marriage:
- Victor Napoleon Bonaparte (1862-1926), Prince Napoleon
  and head of the Imperial House of France from the death
  of the Imperial Prince in 1879 until 1926.
- Louis Napoleon (1864-1932), known as Louis Bonaparte,
  no descendants.
- Marie-Laetitia Napoleon (1866-1926), Duchess of Aosta.
Pop05b Marie-Clothilde L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, Princess Napoleon Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, Princess of Sardinia and later Princess Napoleon, was born on 2 March 1843 in Turin and died on 25 June 1911 in Moncallier. The eldest daughter of King Victor-Emmanuel II of Italy, she was the wife of Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte, known as ‘Plon-Plon’. Pop08 Victor-Nap L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, French prince and Prince Napoleon, was born on 18 July 1862 and died on 3 May 1926. He was the son of Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte and Clotilde of Savoy. His first cousin, the Imperial Prince, appointed him as heir to the empire and Head of the Imperial House of France after his death in 1879. He bore the title of Prince Napoleon and was regarded by Bonapartists as ‘Napoleon V’.
Two children were born of this marriage:
- Marie-Clotilde, born 20 March 1912, died 14 April 1996, and married to Count Serge de Witt.
- Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, born 23 January 1914 and died 3 May 1997, Prince Napoleon and head of the Imperial House of France from 1926 to 1997.
Pop08b Clémentine de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Clementine of Belgium, Princess Napoleon Clementine of Belgium, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess of Saxony, was born on 30 July 1872 at the Castle of Laeken, Belgium, and died on 8 March 1955 in Nice, France. She was the daughter of King Leopold II of Belgium. In 1910 she became Princess Napoleon when she married Prince Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon and head of the Imperial House of France. Pop10 Louis Nap-B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 23 January 1914 in Brussels and died on 3 May 1997 in Genolier, Switzerland. He was the head of the Imperial House of France from 1926 until his death. He thus bore the title of Prince Napoleon and was considered by the Bonapartists as ‘Napoleon VI’. In 1949 he married Alix de Foresta, daughter of the Count and Countess de Foresta.
Four children were born of this marriage:
- Charles Napoleon Bonaparte , born on 19 October 1950
- Catherine Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 19 October 1950
- Laure Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 8 October 1952
- Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 14 January 1957
In his dynastic will, he named his grandson Jean-Christophe (not his eldest son Charles) as the new pretender to the French imperial throne, head of the Imperial House of France, and Prince Napoleon.
Go to Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, in the service of France
Pop10b Alix de F L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Alix de Foresta, Princess Napoleon Alix de Foresta was born on 4 April 1926 in Marseille and is the daughter of Count Albéric de Foresta and Genevieve Fredet. On 16 August 1949, she became Princess Napoleon when she married Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, head of the Imperial House of France and Prince Napoleon. Princess Alix Napoleon is the paternal grandmother of the current Prince Napoleon (Jean-Christophe), head of the Imperial House of France. Pop11 Charles-Nap L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Charles Bonaparte Charles Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 19 October 1950 in Boulogne-Billancourt. On 19 December 1978, he married Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and they had two children:
- Princess Caroline Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 24 October 1980.
- Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 11 July 1986, and the current Prince Napoleon
  and head of the Imperial House of France
  (since his grandfather's death in 1997).
The couple divorced in 1989. From his second marriage to Jeanne Françoise Valliccioni, they had two daughters: Sophie Bonaparte, born on 18 April 1992, and Anh Bonaparte, born on 22 April 1998.
Pop11b Béatrice de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies was born on 16 June 1950 in Saint-Raphael, France. She is the eldest daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Bourbon of the Two Sicilies, Head of the Royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, pretender to the throne of the Two Sicilies, who bore the title of Duke of Castro, and of his wife Countess Chantal de Chevron Villette.
On 19 December 1978 she married Prince Charles Bonaparte and they had two children:
- Princess Caroline Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 24 October 1980
- Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born 11 July 1986, now Prince Napoleon and head of
  the Imperial House of France (since his grandfather's
  death in 1997).
Pop01b Maria Letizia L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Maria Letizia Ramolino Maria Letizia Ramolino was born on 24 August 1750 in Ajaccio and died on 2 February 1836 in Rome. She became Maria Letizia Bonaparte when she married Charles-Marie Bonaparte in 1764. She was the mother of Napoleon I, known by her title ‘Madame Mère’. Pop03b Joséphine L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of the French Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie, known as Joséphine de Beauharnais, was born on 23 June 1763 at Trois-Îlets in Martinique and died on 29 May 1814 at the Château de Malmaison in Reuil-Malmaison. She was Emperor Napoleon I’s first wife from 1796 to 1809. As such, she was Empress of the French from 1804 to 1809 and Queen of Italy from 1805 to 1809.
Napoleon divorced her on 15 December 1809 for reasons of state. Josephine was nevertheless able to keep the title of Dowager Empress and Napoleon gave her the castle of Malmaison, as well as the castle of Navarre near Evreux, making her the Duchess of Navarre. She had two children from her first marriage to General Alexandre de Beauharnais:
- Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais (1781-1824), viceroy of Italy
- Hortense Eugénie Cécile de Beauharnais (1783-1837),
  who married a brother of Napoleon, Louis Bonaparte,
  in 1802.
Pop03c Marie-Louise d'Autriche L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Marie-Louise of Austria, Empress of the French Marie-Louise Léopoldine Françoise Thérèse Josèphe Lucie de Habsbourg-Lorraine, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia, was born on 12 December 1791 in Vienna and died on 17 December 1847 in Parma. She was Empress of the French from 1810 to 1814, then Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla until 1847. The eldest daughter of Emperor Francis I of Austria, she married Emperor Napoleon I on 12 April 1810. From this union was born in 1811 Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, Imperial Prince and King of Rome. When Napoleon was defeated by the Sixth Coalition, Marie-Louise returned to the court in Vienna with her son to better defend his interests. The Congress of Vienna granted her the duchies of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla in 1815. Pop12 Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer H.I.H. Prince Napoleon Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 11 July 1986 in Saint-Raphaël, France. He is the only son of Prince Charles Bonaparte and Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He is thus related to both French Emperors, through Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia and brother of Napoleon I, by his father, and to the Kings of France, such as Henry IV and Louis XIV, by his mother, but also to most of the European royal families. Pop12b Olympia Napoléon Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Olympia, H.I.H. Princess Napoleon Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg was born on 4 January 1988 and is Austrian and German. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (great-grandson of King Ludwig III of Bavaria) and Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (daughter of Archduke Robert of Austria-Este, son of Charles I, the last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta). Princess Napoleon studied in the United States. She graduated in political science from Yale University and in art history from Columbia University. She now works in London as the creator and chief curator of a photography collection.

The Symbols of Empire

The eagle and bee, emblems of the First and later Second Empire, have become so familiar that it is easy to forget their origin and meaning.
The creation of the coat of arms
Proclaimed Emperor of the French on 28 Floréal, An XII (18 May, 1804), Napoleon approached the problem of the emblems of sovereignty on 23 Prairial (12 juin) during a session of the Conseil d’Etat. The choice of the new symbols so as to make a clean break with the monarchy of the Ancien Régime proved difficult. Crétet proposed successively an eagle, a lion and an elephant. Cambacérès preferred bees since France was a republic with a head, like a hive; Ségur thought that a lion would be better, stronger than the English leopard; Laumond was for the elephant, ” the strongest of animals “; Duroc preferred the oak and Lebrun the fleur de lys, which he felt was the emblem of France and not the Bourbons. The Conseil d’Etat finally went for the cockerel, but Napoleon preferred the lion. However, on 21 Messidor, An XII (10 July, 1804), the emperor crossed out the lion from the decree instituting his seal and coat of arms and imposed the eagle. Developed by Denon, Gay and Biennais, the ‘armes de l’Empire’ (Empire coat of arms), taking their inspiration from both Ancient Rome and Charlemagne, were re-used largely unchanged by the Second Empire.
The coat of arms comprises the following elements:

The Eagle
he principal element of the new shield, this symbol of imperial Rome, Jupiter’s bird, was associated from the earliest antiquity with military victory. The decree of 10 July, 1804 stipulates that the coat of arms of the emperor should be: ” d’azur à l’aigle à l’antique d’or, empiétant un foudre du même ” (azure with a gold, ancient eagle clutching a thunderbolt of the same colour). This eagle, very different from the motifs of traditional heraldry, also took elements from the Carolingian eagle. The day after the coronation, Napoleon had an eagle placed at the top of the shaft of every flag in the Napoleonic army.

The Bee
Symbol of immortality and resurrection, the bee was chosen so as to link the new dynasty to the very origins of France. Golden bees (in fact, cicadas) were discovered in 1653 in Tournai in the tomb of Childeric I, founder in 457 of the Merovingian dynasty and father of Clovis. They were considered as the oldest emblem of the sovereigns of France.

The Grand Collar of the Légion d’honneur
Created on 29 Floréal, An X (19 May, 1802) as a decoration for military and civil services, the Légion d’honneur took its name from ancient Rome. The grand collar of the Légion d’honneur, reserved for the emperor, princes of the imperial family and grand dignitaries, is composed of a gold chain made of 16 trophies linked by eagles with the ribbon and cross of the order at their necks. This grand collar is bordered on either side by a small chain alternating stars and bees. The central motif, the Napoleonic N, is encircled by a laurel wreath and supports the cross of the Légion d’honneur, a five-pointed pommel-pointed star, in white enamel. In the centre is the laurel-crowned profile of the emperor, the whole surmounted by the imperial crown.

The Hand of Justice and the Sceptre
Both ” Honneurs ” of Charlemagne and re-used for the coronation of 2 December, 1804, the hand and sceptre appear (crossed) on the imperial coat of arms. The sceptre, the baton of command, sign of sovereign authority, is that of Charlemagne and at the end is mounted a statuette of the first Emperor of the West. The reconstituted Hand of Justice is a stick mounted with a ivory hand which gives a benediction.

The Crown and the Imperial Mantle
The escutcheon stands out from the imperial cape which is similar to that used by the peers of France. Scarlet velvet spread with bees, and bordered with grape clusters, gold fringes, the cape is lined with ermine and is held in place by the crown made of eagles with raised wings alternating with arcs, the whole topped with a globe bearing a cross.

FR | EN

THE IMPERIAL
FAMILY

An individual and collective
commitment in the service
of France

Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte

H.I.H. Prince Napoleon

Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 11 July 1986 in Saint-Raphaël, France. He is the only son of Prince Charles Bonaparte and Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He is thus related to both French Emperors, through Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia and brother of Napoleon I, by his father, and to the Kings of France, such as Henry IV and Louis XIV, by his mother, but also to most of the European royal families.

He has been the head of the Imperial House of France since the death of his grandfather, Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, on 3 May 1997, and thus bears the title of Prince Napoleon. He is now the only legitimate male descendant of his generation bearing the Bonaparte surname, and represents his family in official ceremonies in France and abroad.

He studied at the Institution Saint-Dominique, Neuilly-sur-Seine, in secondary school. Prince Napoleon is a graduate of HEC Paris, Harvard University and now works in London as an investor.

On 17 and 19 October 2019, in Paris, Prince Jean-Christophe married, civilly and then religiously, Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg, Austrian and German, born on 4 January 1988. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg and Archduchess Maria-Beatrice of Austria-Este. The countess is thus the great-granddaughter of the last Austrian emperor, Charles I, and the great-grandniece of Empress Marie-Louise, the second wife of Napoleon I.

Olympia, H.I.H. Princess Napoleon

Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg was born on 4 January 1988 and is Austrian and German. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (great-grandson of King Ludwig III of Bavaria) and Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (daughter of Archduke Robert of Austria-Este, son of Charles I, the last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta). Princess Napoleon studied in the United States. She graduated in political science from Yale University and in art history from Columbia University. She now works in London as the creator and chief curator of a photography collection.

Début Bonaparte ancestry of the Prince Napoléon (1769-1821) ép. Joséphine de Beauharnais Charles-Marie Bonaparte (1746-1785) ép. Maria Letizia Bonaparte Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860) King of Westphalia puis Marie-Louise d'Autriche Catherine de Wurtemberg ép. Empereur Napoléon 1er Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846) King of Holland Click to read the biographies ép. Hortense de Beauharnais Napoléon-Jérôme Bonaparte (1822-1891) (1811-1832) Prince Napoleon ép. Marie-Clotilde de Savoie Napoléon II King of Rome, Duke of Reichstadt Empereur Napoléon III (1808-1873) ép. Eugénie de Montjio Victor Napoléon Bonaparte (1862-1926) Prince Napoleon ép. Clémentine de Belgique Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (1856-1879) Impérial Prince Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (1914-1997) Prince Napoleon ép. Alix de Foresta Charles Napoléon Bonaparte (1950) ép. Béatrice de Bourbon des Deux-Siciles Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte (1986) Prince Napoleon ép. Olympia von Arco-Zinneberg Pop01 Charles-Marie Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Charles-Marie Bonaparte Charles-Marie Bonaparte, also known as Carlo-Maria de Buonaparte, was born in Ajaccio (Corsica) on 27 March 1746 and died at the age of 38 on 24 February 1785 in Montpellier (France). An Italian assessor (judge) at the court of Ajaccio, he was the father of fourteen children, eight of whom survived, including Napoleon Bonaparte. Pop03 Napoléon 1er L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Emperor Napoleon I Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in Ajaccio and died on 5 May 1821 on the island of St Helena. He was successively General, First Consul, then first Emperor of the French from 18 May 1804 to 6 April 1814, then from 20 March to 22 June 1815, under the name of Napoleon I. On 9 March 1796, he married Marie Josèphe Rose (known as Joséphine) Tascher de la Pagerie, widow of Alexandre de Beauharnais, general of the Rhine army. The couple divorced on 15 December 1809. On 2 April 1810, Napoleon married Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria, who gave him a son on 20 March 1811. His ashes have been interred at Les Invalides since 1840. Go to Napoleon I, ferryman of worlds Pop06 Napoléon II L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Napoleon II, King of Rome Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte was born on 20 March 1811 at the Tuileries Palace in Paris and died on 22 July 1832 of tuberculosis at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. He was the only son and heir of Napoleon I and his second wife, Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria. He bore the titles of King of Rome (from birth), then Napoleon II (from 22 June to 7 July 1815), and finally Duke of Reichstadt (given by his grandfather the Austrian Emperor Francis I). Pop04 Louis Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland Louis Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio on 2 September 1778 and died in Livorno (Tuscany) on 25 July 1846. The son of Charles Bonaparte and Letizia Bonaparte, he was the third brother of Napoleon I and the father of Napoleon III. He was a French prince and King of Holland from 1806 to 1810 under the name Louis Napoleon. Louis Bonaparte married Hortense de Beauharnais (daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais) with whom he had three sons:
- Napoleon-Charles (1802-1807).
- Napoleon-Louis (1804-1831), Grand Duke of Berg and
  King of Holland under the name of Louis II.
- Charles-Louis-Napoléon (1808-1873), who became
  Emperor of the French as Napoléon III.
Pop04b Hortense de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland Hortense de Beauharnais was born on 10 April 1783 in Paris and died on 5 October 1837 at Arenenberg Castle in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland. She was a member of the French imperial family, daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais and mother of Emperor Napoleon III. Queen of Holland (1806-1810) and Duchess of Saint-Leu (Saint-Leu-la-Forêt) (1814), she was also a composer. Pop07 Napoleon III L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Emperor Napoleon III Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, known as Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, was born on 20 April 1808 in Paris and died on 9 January 1873 in Chislehurst (UK). He was the first French head of state to be elected by universal male suffrage on 10 December 1848 under the Second Republic. After the proclamation of the Empire on 2 December 1852, he became the monarch, Napoleon III. He married Eugénie de Montijo civilly on 29 January 1853, and then religiously on 30 January. The couple had only one son, Louis Napoleon, on 16 March 1856. Go to Napoleon III, the economic and social Empire Pop07b Eugénie de M L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Empress Eugenie María Eugenia Ignacia Agustina de Palafox y Kirkpatrick, 19th Countess of Teba - known as Eugenie de Montijo — was born on 5 May 1826 in Granada, Spain, and died on 11 July 1920 in Madrid, Spain. She was the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French. As such, she held the title of Empress of the French from 29 January 1853 to 4 September 1870. In 1856, she gave birth to their only son Louis Napoleon, the Imperial Prince and heir to the Empire. In 1881, she built St Michael's Abbey in Farnborough, where she now lies beside Napoleon III and the The Imperial Prince. Pop09 Louis N Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, The Imperial Prince Napoleon Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Bonaparte, known as Louis Napoleon, The Imperial Prince, was born on 16 March 1856 in Paris and was tragically killed on 1 June 1879 in a battle with Zulu warriors. In 1879, at the age of 23, after studying at the British military academy at Woolwich, the prince insisted on being drafted into the British troops in southern Africa in the Zulu War (now South Africa). He was the only son and imperial heir of Emperor Napoleon III, and his wife, Empress Eugenie. As heir to the imperial dynasty, he was referred to as Napoleon IV. In his dynastic will, the Imperial Prince designated his first cousin, Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, as heir to the empire and head of the Imperial House of France. Pop02 Jérôme Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia Jerome Bonaparte was born on 15 November 1784 in Ajaccio (Corsica) and died on 24 June 1860 at the Château de Vilgénis (Seine-et-Oise, Massy). The son of Charles-Marie Bonaparte and Maria-Létizia Ramolino, he was Napoleon's younger brother and became King of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813. In 1807 he married Princess Catherine of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg, as his second wife.
Three children were born of this marriage:
- Jerome Napoleon Charles, known as the Prince de
  Montfort, born on 24 August 1814 and died
  on 12 May 1847, without descendants.
- Mathilde Létizia, known as Princess Mathilde, born on
  27 May 1820 and died on 2 January 1904.
- Napoleon Jerome Joseph Charles Paul,
  called Prince Napoleon, born on 9 September 1822
  and died on 17 March 1891.
Pop02b Catherine de W L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Catherine of Wurtemberg, Queen of Westphalia Catherine of Wurtemberg was born on 21 February 1783 in St Petersburg and died on 29 November 1835 in Lausanne. Princess of Württemberg, she was the daughter of Frederick I, King of Württemberg, and Queen Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, niece of the Tsarina and first cousin of Queen Victoria. She married Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, brother of Napoleon I, on 22 August 1807 in Paris. Pop05 Nap-Jérôme Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte or Jerome Napoleon, Prince Napoleon, Prince de Montfort, Count of Meudon and Moncalieri, was born in Trieste on 9 September 1822 and died in Rome on 17 March 1891. Famously known as ‘Plon-Plon’, he was a French political and military figure of the Second Empire and was the first cousin of Emperor Napoleon III. In 1859 he married Clotilde of Savoy, daughter of King Victor-Emmanuel II of Italy. Three children were born of this marriage:
- Victor Napoleon Bonaparte (1862-1926), Prince Napoleon
  and head of the Imperial House of France from the death
  of the Imperial Prince in 1879 until 1926.
- Louis Napoleon (1864-1932), known as Louis Bonaparte,
  no descendants.
- Marie-Laetitia Napoleon (1866-1926), Duchess of Aosta.
Pop05b Marie-Clothilde L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, Princess Napoleon Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, Princess of Sardinia and later Princess Napoleon, was born on 2 March 1843 in Turin and died on 25 June 1911 in Moncallier. The eldest daughter of King Victor-Emmanuel II of Italy, she was the wife of Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte, known as ‘Plon-Plon’. Pop08 Victor-Nap L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, French prince and Prince Napoleon, was born on 18 July 1862 and died on 3 May 1926. He was the son of Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte and Clotilde of Savoy. His first cousin, the Imperial Prince, appointed him as heir to the empire and Head of the Imperial House of France after his death in 1879. He bore the title of Prince Napoleon and was regarded by Bonapartists as ‘Napoleon V’.
Two children were born of this marriage:
- Marie-Clotilde, born 20 March 1912, died 14 April 1996, and married to Count Serge de Witt.
- Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, born 23 January 1914 and died 3 May 1997, Prince Napoleon and head of the Imperial House of France from 1926 to 1997.
Pop08b Clémentine de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Clementine of Belgium, Princess Napoleon Clementine of Belgium, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess of Saxony, was born on 30 July 1872 at the Castle of Laeken, Belgium, and died on 8 March 1955 in Nice, France. She was the daughter of King Leopold II of Belgium. In 1910 she became Princess Napoleon when she married Prince Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon and head of the Imperial House of France. Pop10 Louis Nap-B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 23 January 1914 in Brussels and died on 3 May 1997 in Genolier, Switzerland. He was the head of the Imperial House of France from 1926 until his death. He thus bore the title of Prince Napoleon and was considered by the Bonapartists as ‘Napoleon VI’. In 1949 he married Alix de Foresta, daughter of the Count and Countess de Foresta.
Four children were born of this marriage:
- Charles Napoleon Bonaparte , born on 19 October 1950
- Catherine Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 19 October 1950
- Laure Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 8 October 1952
- Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 14 January 1957
In his dynastic will, he named his grandson Jean-Christophe (not his eldest son Charles) as the new pretender to the French imperial throne, head of the Imperial House of France, and Prince Napoleon.
Go to Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, in the service of France
Pop10b Alix de F L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Alix de Foresta, Princess Napoleon Alix de Foresta was born on 4 April 1926 in Marseille and is the daughter of Count Albéric de Foresta and Genevieve Fredet. On 16 August 1949, she became Princess Napoleon when she married Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, head of the Imperial House of France and Prince Napoleon. Princess Alix Napoleon is the paternal grandmother of the current Prince Napoleon (Jean-Christophe), head of the Imperial House of France. Pop11 Charles-Nap L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Charles Bonaparte Charles Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 19 October 1950 in Boulogne-Billancourt. On 19 December 1978, he married Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and they had two children:
- Princess Caroline Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 24 October 1980.
- Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 11 July 1986, and the current Prince Napoleon
  and head of the Imperial House of France
  (since his grandfather's death in 1997).
The couple divorced in 1989. From his second marriage to Jeanne Françoise Valliccioni, they had two daughters: Sophie Bonaparte, born on 18 April 1992, and Anh Bonaparte, born on 22 April 1998.
Pop11b Béatrice de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies was born on 16 June 1950 in Saint-Raphael, France. She is the eldest daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Bourbon of the Two Sicilies, Head of the Royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, pretender to the throne of the Two Sicilies, who bore the title of Duke of Castro, and of his wife Countess Chantal de Chevron Villette.
On 19 December 1978 she married Prince Charles Bonaparte and they had two children:
- Princess Caroline Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 24 October 1980
- Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born 11 July 1986, now Prince Napoleon and head of
  the Imperial House of France (since his grandfather's
  death in 1997).
Pop01b Maria Letizia L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Maria Letizia Ramolino Maria Letizia Ramolino was born on 24 August 1750 in Ajaccio and died on 2 February 1836 in Rome. She became Maria Letizia Bonaparte when she married Charles-Marie Bonaparte in 1764. She was the mother of Napoleon I, known by her title ‘Madame Mère’. Pop03b Joséphine L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of the French Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie, known as Joséphine de Beauharnais, was born on 23 June 1763 at Trois-Îlets in Martinique and died on 29 May 1814 at the Château de Malmaison in Reuil-Malmaison. She was Emperor Napoleon I’s first wife from 1796 to 1809. As such, she was Empress of the French from 1804 to 1809 and Queen of Italy from 1805 to 1809.
Napoleon divorced her on 15 December 1809 for reasons of state. Josephine was nevertheless able to keep the title of Dowager Empress and Napoleon gave her the castle of Malmaison, as well as the castle of Navarre near Evreux, making her the Duchess of Navarre. She had two children from her first marriage to General Alexandre de Beauharnais:
- Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais (1781-1824), viceroy of Italy
- Hortense Eugénie Cécile de Beauharnais (1783-1837),
  who married a brother of Napoleon, Louis Bonaparte,
  in 1802.
Pop03c Marie-Louise d'Autriche L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Marie-Louise of Austria, Empress of the French Marie-Louise Léopoldine Françoise Thérèse Josèphe Lucie de Habsbourg-Lorraine, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia, was born on 12 December 1791 in Vienna and died on 17 December 1847 in Parma. She was Empress of the French from 1810 to 1814, then Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla until 1847. The eldest daughter of Emperor Francis I of Austria, she married Emperor Napoleon I on 12 April 1810. From this union was born in 1811 Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, Imperial Prince and King of Rome. When Napoleon was defeated by the Sixth Coalition, Marie-Louise returned to the court in Vienna with her son to better defend his interests. The Congress of Vienna granted her the duchies of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla in 1815. Pop12 Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer H.I.H. Prince Napoleon Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 11 July 1986 in Saint-Raphaël, France. He is the only son of Prince Charles Bonaparte and Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He is thus related to both French Emperors, through Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia and brother of Napoleon I, by his father, and to the Kings of France, such as Henry IV and Louis XIV, by his mother, but also to most of the European royal families. Pop12b Olympia Napoléon Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Olympia, H.I.H. Princess Napoleon Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg was born on 4 January 1988 and is Austrian and German. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (great-grandson of King Ludwig III of Bavaria) and Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (daughter of Archduke Robert of Austria-Este, son of Charles I, the last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta). Princess Napoleon studied in the United States. She graduated in political science from Yale University and in art history from Columbia University. She now works in London as the creator and chief curator of a photography collection.

The Symbols of Empire

The eagle and bee, emblems of the First and later Second Empire, have become so familiar that it is easy to forget their origin and meaning.

The creation of the coat of arms
Proclaimed Emperor of the French on 28 Floréal, An XII (18 May, 1804), Napoleon approached the problem of the emblems of sovereignty on 23 Prairial (12 juin) during a session of the Conseil d’Etat. The choice of the new symbols so as to make a clean break with the monarchy of the Ancien Régime proved difficult. Crétet proposed successively an eagle, a lion and an elephant. Cambacérès preferred bees since France was a republic with a head, like a hive; Ségur thought that a lion would be better, stronger than the English leopard; Laumond was for the elephant, ” the strongest of animals “; Duroc preferred the oak and Lebrun the fleur de lys, which he felt was the emblem of France and not the Bourbons. The Conseil d’Etat finally went for the cockerel, but Napoleon preferred the lion. However, on 21 Messidor, An XII (10 July, 1804), the emperor crossed out the lion from the decree instituting his seal and coat of arms and imposed the eagle. Developed by Denon, Gay and Biennais, the ‘armes de l’Empire’ (Empire coat of arms), taking their inspiration from both Ancient Rome and Charlemagne, were re-used largely unchanged by the Second Empire.
The coat of arms comprises the following elements:

The Eagle
he principal element of the new shield, this symbol of imperial Rome, Jupiter’s bird, was associated from the earliest antiquity with military victory. The decree of 10 July, 1804 stipulates that the coat of arms of the emperor should be: ” d’azur à l’aigle à l’antique d’or, empiétant un foudre du même ” (azure with a gold, ancient eagle clutching a thunderbolt of the same colour). This eagle, very different from the motifs of traditional heraldry, also took elements from the Carolingian eagle. The day after the coronation, Napoleon had an eagle placed at the top of the shaft of every flag in the Napoleonic army.

The Bee
Symbol of immortality and resurrection, the bee was chosen so as to link the new dynasty to the very origins of France. Golden bees (in fact, cicadas) were discovered in 1653 in Tournai in the tomb of Childeric I, founder in 457 of the Merovingian dynasty and father of Clovis. They were considered as the oldest emblem of the sovereigns of France.

The Grand Collar of the Légion d’honneur
Created on 29 Floréal, An X (19 May, 1802) as a decoration for military and civil services, the Légion d’honneur took its name from ancient Rome. The Grand Collar of the Légion d’honneur, reserved for the emperor, princes of the imperial family and grand dignitaries, is composed of a gold chain made of 16 trophies linked by eagles with the ribbon and cross of the order at their necks. This grand collar is bordered on either side by a small chain alternating stars and bees. The central motif, the Napoleonic N, is encircled by a laurel wreath and supports the cross of the Légion d’honneur, a five-pointed pommel-pointed star, in white enamel. In the centre is the laurel-crowned profile of the emperor, the whole surmounted by the imperial crown.

The Hand of Justice and the Sceptre
Both ” Honneurs ” of Charlemagne and re-used for the coronation of 2 December, 1804, the hand and sceptre appear (crossed) on the imperial coat of arms. The sceptre, the baton of command, sign of sovereign authority, is that of Charlemagne and at the end is mounted a statuette of the first Emperor of the West. The reconstituted Hand of Justice is a stick mounted with a ivory hand which gives a benediction.

The Crown and the Imperial Mantle
The escutcheon stands out from the imperial cape which is similar to that used by the peers of France. Scarlet velvet spread with bees, and bordered with grape clusters, gold fringes, the cape is lined with ermine and is held in place by the crown made of eagles with raised wings alternating with arcs, the whole topped with a globe bearing a cross.

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H.I.H. Prince Napoleon

Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 11 July 1986 in Saint-Raphaël, France. He is the only son of Prince Charles Bonaparte and Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He is thus related to both French Emperors, through Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia and brother of Napoleon I, by his father, and to the Kings of France, such as Henry IV and Louis XIV, by his mother, but also to most of the European royal families.

He has been the head of the Imperial House of France since the death of his grandfather, Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, on 3 May 1997, and thus bears the title of Prince Napoleon. He is now the only legitimate male descendant of his generation bearing the Bonaparte surname, and represents his family in official ceremonies in France and abroad.

He studied at the Institution Saint-Dominique, Neuilly-sur-Seine, in secondary school. Prince Napoleon is a graduate of HEC Paris, Harvard University and now works in London as an investor.

On 17 and 19 October 2019, in Paris, Prince Jean-Christophe married, civilly and then religiously, Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg, Austrian and German, born on 4 January 1988. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg and Archduchess Maria-Beatrice of Austria-Este. The countess is thus the great-granddaughter of the last Austrian emperor, Charles I, and the great-grandniece of Empress Marie-Louise, the second wife of Napoleon I.

Olympia, H.I.H. Princess Napoleon

Countess Olympia von und zu Arco-Zinneberg was born on 4 January 1988 and is Austrian and German. She is the daughter of Count Riprand von und zu Arco-Zinneberg (great-grandson of King Ludwig III of Bavaria) and Archduchess Maria Beatrice of Austria-Este (daughter of Archduke Robert of Austria-Este, son of Charles I, the last Emperor of Austria-Hungary, and Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta). Princess Napoleon studied in the United States. She graduated in political science from Yale University and in art history from Columbia University. She now works in London as the creator and chief curator of a photography collection.

Début Bonaparte ancestry of the Prince Napoléon (1769-1821) ép. Joséphine de Beauharnais Charles-Marie Bonaparte (1746-1785) ép. Maria Letizia Bonaparte Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860) King of Westphalia puis Marie-Louise d'Autriche Catherine de Wurtemberg ép. Empereur Napoléon 1er Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846) King of Holland Click to read the biographies ép. Hortense de Beauharnais Napoléon-Jérôme Bonaparte (1822-1891) (1811-1832) Prince Napoleon ép. Marie-Clotilde de Savoie Napoléon II King of Rome, Duke of Reichstadt Empereur Napoléon III (1808-1873) ép. Eugénie de Montjio Victor Napoléon Bonaparte (1862-1926) Prince Napoleon ép. Clémentine de Belgique Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (1856-1879) Impérial Prince Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (1914-1997) Prince Napoleon ép. Alix de Foresta Charles Napoléon Bonaparte (1950) ép. Béatrice de Bourbon des Deux-Siciles Jean-Christophe Napoléon Bonaparte (1986) Prince Napoleon ép. Olympia von Arco-Zinneberg Pop01 Charles-Marie Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Charles-Marie Bonaparte Charles-Marie Bonaparte, also known as Carlo-Maria de Buonaparte, was born in Ajaccio (Corsica) on 27 March 1746 and died at the age of 38 on 24 February 1785 in Montpellier (France). An Italian assessor (judge) at the court of Ajaccio, he was the father of fourteen children, eight of whom survived, including Napoleon Bonaparte. Pop03 Napoléon 1er L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Emperor Napoleon I Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15 August 1769 in Ajaccio and died on 5 May 1821 on the island of St Helena. He was successively General, First Consul, then first Emperor of the French from 18 May 1804 to 6 April 1814, then from 20 March to 22 June 1815, under the name of Napoleon I. On 9 March 1796, he married Marie Josèphe Rose (known as Joséphine) Tascher de la Pagerie, widow of Alexandre de Beauharnais, general of the Rhine army. The couple divorced on 15 December 1809. On 2 April 1810, Napoleon married Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria, who gave him a son on 20 March 1811. His ashes have been interred at Les Invalides since 1840. Go to Napoleon I, ferryman of worlds Pop06 Napoléon II L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Napoleon II, King of Rome Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte was born on 20 March 1811 at the Tuileries Palace in Paris and died on 22 July 1832 of tuberculosis at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. He was the only son and heir of Napoleon I and his second wife, Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria. He bore the titles of King of Rome (from birth), then Napoleon II (from 22 June to 7 July 1815), and finally Duke of Reichstadt (given by his grandfather the Austrian Emperor Francis I). Pop04 Louis Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland Louis Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio on 2 September 1778 and died in Livorno (Tuscany) on 25 July 1846. The son of Charles Bonaparte and Letizia Bonaparte, he was the third brother of Napoleon I and the father of Napoleon III. He was a French prince and King of Holland from 1806 to 1810 under the name Louis Napoleon. Louis Bonaparte married Hortense de Beauharnais (daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais) with whom he had three sons:
- Napoleon-Charles (1802-1807).
- Napoleon-Louis (1804-1831), Grand Duke of Berg and
  King of Holland under the name of Louis II.
- Charles-Louis-Napoléon (1808-1873), who became
  Emperor of the French as Napoléon III.
Pop04b Hortense de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland Hortense de Beauharnais was born on 10 April 1783 in Paris and died on 5 October 1837 at Arenenberg Castle in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland. She was a member of the French imperial family, daughter of Josephine de Beauharnais and mother of Emperor Napoleon III. Queen of Holland (1806-1810) and Duchess of Saint-Leu (Saint-Leu-la-Forêt) (1814), she was also a composer. Pop07 Napoleon III L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Emperor Napoleon III Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, known as Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, was born on 20 April 1808 in Paris and died on 9 January 1873 in Chislehurst (UK). He was the first French head of state to be elected by universal male suffrage on 10 December 1848 under the Second Republic. After the proclamation of the Empire on 2 December 1852, he became the monarch, Napoleon III. He married Eugénie de Montijo civilly on 29 January 1853, and then religiously on 30 January. The couple had only one son, Louis Napoleon, on 16 March 1856. Go to Napoleon III, the economic and social Empire Pop07b Eugénie de M L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Empress Eugenie María Eugenia Ignacia Agustina de Palafox y Kirkpatrick, 19th Countess of Teba - known as Eugenie de Montijo — was born on 5 May 1826 in Granada, Spain, and died on 11 July 1920 in Madrid, Spain. She was the wife of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French. As such, she held the title of Empress of the French from 29 January 1853 to 4 September 1870. In 1856, she gave birth to their only son Louis Napoleon, the Imperial Prince and heir to the Empire. In 1881, she built St Michael's Abbey in Farnborough, where she now lies beside Napoleon III and the The Imperial Prince. Pop09 Louis N Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, The Imperial Prince Napoleon Eugene Louis Jean Joseph Bonaparte, known as Louis Napoleon, The Imperial Prince, was born on 16 March 1856 in Paris and was tragically killed on 1 June 1879 in a battle with Zulu warriors. In 1879, at the age of 23, after studying at the British military academy at Woolwich, the prince insisted on being drafted into the British troops in southern Africa in the Zulu War (now South Africa). He was the only son and imperial heir of Emperor Napoleon III, and his wife, Empress Eugenie. As heir to the imperial dynasty, he was referred to as Napoleon IV. In his dynastic will, the Imperial Prince designated his first cousin, Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, as heir to the empire and head of the Imperial House of France. Pop02 Jérôme Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia Jerome Bonaparte was born on 15 November 1784 in Ajaccio (Corsica) and died on 24 June 1860 at the Château de Vilgénis (Seine-et-Oise, Massy). The son of Charles-Marie Bonaparte and Maria-Létizia Ramolino, he was Napoleon's younger brother and became King of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813. In 1807 he married Princess Catherine of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg, as his second wife.
Three children were born of this marriage:
- Jerome Napoleon Charles, known as the Prince de
  Montfort, born on 24 August 1814 and died
  on 12 May 1847, without descendants.
- Mathilde Létizia, known as Princess Mathilde, born on
  27 May 1820 and died on 2 January 1904.
- Napoleon Jerome Joseph Charles Paul,
  called Prince Napoleon, born on 9 September 1822
  and died on 17 March 1891.
Pop02b Catherine de W L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Catherine of Wurtemberg, Queen of Westphalia Catherine of Wurtemberg was born on 21 February 1783 in St Petersburg and died on 29 November 1835 in Lausanne. Princess of Württemberg, she was the daughter of Frederick I, King of Württemberg, and Queen Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, niece of the Tsarina and first cousin of Queen Victoria. She married Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, brother of Napoleon I, on 22 August 1807 in Paris. Pop05 Nap-Jérôme Bonaparte L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte or Jerome Napoleon, Prince Napoleon, Prince de Montfort, Count of Meudon and Moncalieri, was born in Trieste on 9 September 1822 and died in Rome on 17 March 1891. Famously known as ‘Plon-Plon’, he was a French political and military figure of the Second Empire and was the first cousin of Emperor Napoleon III. In 1859 he married Clotilde of Savoy, daughter of King Victor-Emmanuel II of Italy. Three children were born of this marriage:
- Victor Napoleon Bonaparte (1862-1926), Prince Napoleon
  and head of the Imperial House of France from the death
  of the Imperial Prince in 1879 until 1926.
- Louis Napoleon (1864-1932), known as Louis Bonaparte,
  no descendants.
- Marie-Laetitia Napoleon (1866-1926), Duchess of Aosta.
Pop05b Marie-Clothilde L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, Princess Napoleon Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, Princess of Sardinia and later Princess Napoleon, was born on 2 March 1843 in Turin and died on 25 June 1911 in Moncallier. The eldest daughter of King Victor-Emmanuel II of Italy, she was the wife of Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte, known as ‘Plon-Plon’. Pop08 Victor-Nap L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, French prince and Prince Napoleon, was born on 18 July 1862 and died on 3 May 1926. He was the son of Napoleon-Jerome Bonaparte and Clotilde of Savoy. His first cousin, the Imperial Prince, appointed him as heir to the empire and Head of the Imperial House of France after his death in 1879. He bore the title of Prince Napoleon and was regarded by Bonapartists as ‘Napoleon V’.
Two children were born of this marriage:
- Marie-Clotilde, born 20 March 1912, died 14 April 1996, and married to Count Serge de Witt.
- Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, born 23 January 1914 and died 3 May 1997, Prince Napoleon and head of the Imperial House of France from 1926 to 1997.
Pop08b Clémentine de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Clementine of Belgium, Princess Napoleon Clementine of Belgium, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess of Saxony, was born on 30 July 1872 at the Castle of Laeken, Belgium, and died on 8 March 1955 in Nice, France. She was the daughter of King Leopold II of Belgium. In 1910 she became Princess Napoleon when she married Prince Victor Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon and head of the Imperial House of France. Pop10 Louis Nap-B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 23 January 1914 in Brussels and died on 3 May 1997 in Genolier, Switzerland. He was the head of the Imperial House of France from 1926 until his death. He thus bore the title of Prince Napoleon and was considered by the Bonapartists as ‘Napoleon VI’. In 1949 he married Alix de Foresta, daughter of the Count and Countess de Foresta.
Four children were born of this marriage:
- Charles Napoleon Bonaparte , born on 19 October 1950
- Catherine Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 19 October 1950
- Laure Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 8 October 1952
- Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, born on 14 January 1957
In his dynastic will, he named his grandson Jean-Christophe (not his eldest son Charles) as the new pretender to the French imperial throne, head of the Imperial House of France, and Prince Napoleon.
Go to Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, in the service of France
Pop10b Alix de F L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Alix de Foresta, Princess Napoleon Alix de Foresta was born on 4 April 1926 in Marseille and is the daughter of Count Albéric de Foresta and Genevieve Fredet. On 16 August 1949, she became Princess Napoleon when she married Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, head of the Imperial House of France and Prince Napoleon. Princess Alix Napoleon is the paternal grandmother of the current Prince Napoleon (Jean-Christophe), head of the Imperial House of France. Pop11 Charles-Nap L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Charles Bonaparte Charles Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 19 October 1950 in Boulogne-Billancourt. On 19 December 1978, he married Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and they had two children:
- Princess Caroline Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 24 October 1980.
- Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 11 July 1986, and the current Prince Napoleon
  and head of the Imperial House of France
  (since his grandfather's death in 1997).
The couple divorced in 1989. From his second marriage to Jeanne Françoise Valliccioni, they had two daughters: Sophie Bonaparte, born on 18 April 1992, and Anh Bonaparte, born on 22 April 1998.
Pop11b Béatrice de B L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Princess Beatrice of Bourbon-Two Sicilies was born on 16 June 1950 in Saint-Raphael, France. She is the eldest daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Bourbon of the Two Sicilies, Head of the Royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, pretender to the throne of the Two Sicilies, who bore the title of Duke of Castro, and of his wife Countess Chantal de Chevron Villette.
On 19 December 1978 she married Prince Charles Bonaparte and they had two children:
- Princess Caroline Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born on 24 October 1980
- Prince Jean-Christophe Napoleon Bonaparte,
  born 11 July 1986, now Prince Napoleon and head of
  the Imperial House of France (since his grandfather's
  death in 1997).
Pop01b Maria Letizia L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Maria Letizia Ramolino Maria Letizia Ramolino was born on 24 August 1750 in Ajaccio and died on 2 February 1836 in Rome. She became Maria Letizia Bonaparte when she married Charles-Marie Bonaparte in 1764. She was the mother of Napoleon I, known by her title ‘Madame Mère’. Pop03b Joséphine L'ascendance du prince Napoléon Fermer Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of the French Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie, known as Joséphine de Beauharnais, was born on 23 June 1763 at Trois-Îlets in Martinique and died on 29 May 1814 at the Château de Malmaison in Reuil-Malmaison. She was Emperor Napoleon I’s first wife from 1796 to 1809. As such, she was Empress of the French from 1804 to 1809 and Queen of Italy from 1805 to 1809.
Napoleon divorced her on 15 December 1809 for reasons of state. Josephine was nevertheless able to keep the title of Dowager Empress and Napoleon gave her the castle of Malmaison, as well as the castle of Navarre near Evreux, making her the Duchess of Navarre. She had two children from her first marriage to General Alexandre de Beauharnais:
- Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais (1781-1824), viceroy of Italy
- Hortense Eugénie Cécile de Beauharnais (1783-1837),
  who married a brother of Napoleon, Louis Bonaparte,
  in 1802.
Pop03c Marie-Louise d'Autriche L'ascendance du prince Napoléon